Project Description

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Benjamin Chin-Yee


  • Philosophy of Medicine

  • Clinical Epistemology

  • Philosophy of Technology

  • Medical Ethics



Clinical Fellow, Hematology Residency Training Program,
Schulich School of Medicine, Western University

Dr. Benjamin Chin-Yee is a clinical fellow in the Division of Hematology at Western University. He completed his internal medicine residency at University of Toronto, where he also received his MD and MA in the history and philosophy of science. Prior to this, he studied biology at McGill University and history and philosophy of science at Cambridge University.

His research spans a range of disciplines, from bioethics to the history and philosophy of medicine. Areas of interest include the impact of technology on the patient-physician relationship, and how to integrate evidence- based and precision medicine to provide individualized, person-centered care. His publications have been recognized by local and international awards, including the 2016 Essay Prize from the European Society for Person Centered Healthcare. He has served as a guest editor for the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice and Studies in History & Philosophy of Biological & Biomedical Sciences. He was the recent recipient of an AMS Healthcare Grant to examine the impact of artificial intelligence on clinical judgment, as part of an initiative in compassionate healthcare technology. He is a member of the Roundtable on Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Digital Technologies at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and the Ethics and CAR-T Cell Therapy Working Group at Princess Margaret Hospital.

Dr. Chin-Yee’s current philosophical research focuses on the implications of big data, genomic medicine and artificial intelligence in clinical practice. He is interested in the impact of these novel technologies on clinical epistemology and the ethics of the clinician-patient relationship. He is also exploring broader trends in digital health technologies with the aim of developing tools to deliver more equitable care across populations. His clinical research examines the use of genomic biomarkers for prognostication in hematology/oncology.

Edited Journals

Guest Editor, Special Issue on Shared Decision Making, Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice (2019-2020) Guest Editor, Special Section on Clinical Judgment, Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice (2017-2018)

Guest Editor, Special Issue on Philosophy of Medicine, Studies in History & Philosophy of Biological & Biomedical Sciences (2017-2018)

Section Editor, History and Philosophy of Medicine, University of Toronto Medical Journal (2014-2015)

Thomas A, Kuper A, Chin-Yee B, Park M. What is ‘shared’ in shared decision making? Philosophical reflections on power and agency. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2020 Feb 7 [Epub ahead of print].

Chin-Yee B, Diaz P, Bryden P, Soklaridis S, Kuper A. From Hermeneutics to Heteroglossia: “The Patient’s View” Revisited. BMJ Medical Humanities 2019 Dec 12 [Epub ahead of print].

Loughlin M, Buetow S, Cournoyea M, Copeland S, Chin-Yee B, Fulford K. Interactions between persons – knowledge, decision-making and the co-production of practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2019 Nov 16 [Epub ahead of print].

Taran S, Chin-Yee B, Detsky AS. Night Call in a Teaching Hospital: 1979 and 2019. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2019 Aug 21 [Epub ahead of print].

Chin-Yee B, Upshur REG. Three problems with big data and artificial intelligence in medicine. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 2019;62(2):237-256.

Wang M, Chin-Yee B, Lo Carson, Lee S, El-Helou P, Alowami S, Gangji A, Ribic C. Crusted scabies in a renal transplant recipient treated with daily ivermectin: A case report and literature review. Transplant Infectious Diseases 2019 Mar 15 [Epub ahead of print].

Arya S, Ahmad T, Chin-Yee B, Mak S. 5-Fluourouracil Induced Coronary Vasospasm. Canadian Journal of Cardiology Open 2019;1(1):39-40.

Chin-Yee B, Chin-Yee IH. Big data, precision medicine and person-centered healthcare. European Journal of Person Centered Healthcare 2018;6(4):513-515.

Chin-Yee B, Subramanian SV, Verma A, Laupacis A, Razak F. Recent emerging trends in clinical research with implications for population health and health policy. The Milbank Quarterly 2018;96(2):369-401.

Chin-Yee B, Fuller J. Clinical judgement: Multidisciplinary perspectives. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2018;24(3):635-637.

Chin-Yee B, Upshur REG. Clinical judgement in the era of big data and predictive analytics. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2018;24(3):638-645.

Chin-Yee B, Messinger A, Young LT. Three visions of doctoring: An Gadamerian dialogue. Advances in Health Sciences Education 2018;24(2):403–412.

Chin-Yee B, Chin-Yee N. Dying at home—Our grandfather’s great escape. JAMA Internal Medicine 2018;178(2):183-184.

Chin-Yee B. The new medical model: why medicine needs philosophy. Canadian Medical Association Journal 2017;189(26):896.

Chin-Yee BH, Upshur REG. Re-evaluating concepts of biological function in clinical medicine: Towards a new naturalistic theory of disease. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2017;38(4):245-264.

Chin-Yee BH. Two Documents. Canadian Medical Association Journal 2017;189(21):E750-E751. Chin-Yee B, Lazo-Langner A, Foster T, Hsia C, Chin-Yee I. Blood donation and testosterone replacement therapy. Transfusion 2017;57(3):578-581.

Chin-Yee B. Learning professionalism under stress. Academic Medicine 2017 Mar;92(3):307.

Chin-Yee B, Richardson L. Considering values and contexts in clinical practice guidelines: Are we becoming more person-centred? Canadian Journal of General Internal Medicine 2016;11(2):38-41.

Chin-Yee B, Shah K, Rotstein O, Nagy A, Williams C, Leong-Poi H, Lu JC, Razak F. Bioprosthetic valve Streptococcus bovis endocarditis secondary to colon cancer presenting with a lacunar stroke. Surgical Infections Case Reports 2016;1(1):1-4.

Chin-Yee BH, Chin-Yee IH. Blood transfusion and the body in early modern France. Canadian Bulletin of Medical History-Bulletin canadien d’histoire de la médecine 2016;33(1):82-102.

Messinger A, Chin-Yee BH. I and Thou : Learning the ‘human’ side of medicine. BMJ Medical Humanities 2016; 42:184–5.

Chin-Yee IH, Chin-Yee BH, Pereira A. Clinical trials and the age of blood: ABLE but still wanting. Transfusion Medicine 2015; 25:349–50.

Chin-Yee BH, Upshur REG. Historical thinking in clinical medicine: Lessons from R.G. Collingwood’s philosophy of history. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2015; 21:448–54.

Minuk LA, Jackson S, Iorio A, Poon M, Dilworth E, Brose K, Card R, Rizwan I, Chin-Yee BH, Louzada ML. Cardiovascular disease in Canadians with haemophilia: Age related cardiovascular disease in haemophilia epidemiological research (ARCHER Study). Haemophilia 2015; 21(6): 736–41.

Chin-Yee BH. Underdetermination in evidence-based medicine. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2014; 20:921-7.

Chu JE, Xia Y, Chin-Yee B, Goodale D, Croker AK, Allan AL. Lung-derived factors mediate breast cancer cell migration through CD44 receptor-ligand interactions in a novel ex-vivo system for analysis of organ- specific soluble proteins. Neoplasia 2014; 16(2):180-92.

Chin-Yee BH, Monkman K, Hussain Z, Minuk LA. Attitudes toward vaccination for pandemic H1N1 and seasonal influenza in patients with hematologic malignancies. Journal of Supportive Oncology 2012;9(4):156-60.

Minuk LA, Monkman K, Chin-Yee IH, Lazo-Langner A, Bhagirath V, Chin-Yee BH, Mangel JE. Treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma with ABVD without routine G-CSF support does not increase the risk of febrile neutropenia: A prospective cohort study. Leukemia and Lymphoma 2012;53(1):57-63.

Monkman K, Mahony J, Lazo-Langner A, Chin-Yee BH, Minuk LA. The pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccine results in low rates of seroconversion for patients with hematological malignancies. Leukemia and Lymphoma 2012;52(9):1736-41.

Book Chapters
Thomas A, Chin-Yee B. “Medical research and evidence-based medicine” in A Practical Guide for Medical Teachers (6th edition). eds. Dent JA, Harden RM, Hunt D. London: Elsevier (UK); [Forthcoming 2020]. Chin-Yee B, Williams C (Chapter Editors). “Respirology” in The Toronto Notes 2017 (33rd Edition). eds. Kim J, Mukovozov I. Toronto: Types & Graphics; 2017.

Upshur REG, Chin-Yee BH. “Clinical Judgment” in Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine. eds. Solomon M, Simon J, Kincaid H. London: Routledge; 2016.

MA Thesis

Re-evaluating concepts of biological function in clinical medicine: Towards a new naturalistic theory of disease (2017).

Invited Talks

Chin-Yee B, Upshur REG. Clinical Judgment: Surveying the Conceptual Landscape. Clinical Judgment: Multidisciplinary Perspectives, Toronto, Ontario, June 2017.

Chin-Yee B. Blood and the Body in Early Modern France: Jean Denis’s First Human Transfusion. Toronto Medical Historical Club Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, November 2016.

Chin-Yee B. In Search of Clinical Judgment: A Clinical Clerk’s Odyssey. Victoria Hospital & University Hospital Medicine Grand Rounds, London, Ontario, October 2016.

Chin-Yee B. Evidence & Anamnesis: Clinical Judgment Revisited. Centre for Education Research and Innovation Research Seminar, Western University, London, Ontario, May 2016.

Conference Presentations

Oral Presentations

Chin-Yee B, Diaz P, Kuper A. Heteroglossia in the Psychiatric Case History: Can We Recover “The Patient’s View.” Canadian Association for Health Humanities: Creating Space IX, Hamilton, Canada, April 2019.

Chin-Yee B. Between Data and Dialogue: Person Centred Care in the Era of Genomic Medicine. European Society for Person Centered Healthcare Annual Conference, London, United Kingdom, December 2018.

Chin-Yee B, Chin-Yee IH. Small Clones Meet Big Data: Dangerous Liasons? Philosophy of Cancer Biology Workshop, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France, October 2018.

Chin-Yee B, Upshur REG. On the Very Idea of an Algorithm: Three Problems with Big Data and Machine Learning in Medicine. Values in Science, Medicine and Technology Conference, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, May 2018.

Chin-Yee B. From Persons to Populations to Big Data: Whither the Patient? Persons and Populations: Historical and Philosophical Perspectives, Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, April 2018.

Messinger A, Chin-Yee BH. I and Thou: Learning the ‘Human’ Side of Medicine. International Conference on Medical Humanities, Warsaw, Poland, March 2017.

Chin-Yee BH, Chin-Yee IH. Models of the human body through the lens of transfusion therapy. Nordic Medical History Congress, Reykjavík, Iceland, August 2015.

Chin-Yee BH. Re-evaluating concepts of biological function in clinical medicine: Towards a new naturalistic theory of disease. Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable, University of Bristol, Bristol, England, August 2015.

Chin-Yee BH. Biological functions in clinical medicine: How are etiological theories useful? International Society for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Biology Meeting, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, Québec, July 2015.

Louzada ML, Bose G, Cheung A, Chin-Yee BH, Wells S, Wells PS. Predicting Venous Thromboembolism Recurrence Risk in Patients with Cancer: A Validation Study. American Society of Hematology Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia, December 2012.

Poster Presentations

Butler-Foster T, Solh Z, Neil B, Chin-Yee B, Lesley P, Howard-Cordi D, Chin-Yee I. Medical Enquiry Does Not Adversely Impact Donor Retention. International Congress of the International Society of Blood Transfusion, Toronto, Ontario, June 2018.

Wang MK, Chin-Yee B, Lo C, Lee S, El-Helou P, Ribic C. Crusted Scabies in a Renal Transplant Recipient Presenting with Recurrent Septicemia and Treated with Daily Ivermectin: A Case Report and Literature Review. Canadian Society of Nephrology Annual General Meeting, Montréal, Québec, May 2017.

Foster T, Chin-Yee B, Lazo-Langner A, Hsia C, Chin-Yee I. Blood Donation and Testosterone Replacement Therapy. Canadian Society for Transfusion Medicine Annual Conference, Ottawa, Ontario, April 2017.

Chin-Yee B, Shah K, Rotstein O, Nagy A, Williams C, Leong-Poi H, Lu JC, Razak F. Fever, anemia and bilateral stroke: A gut diagnosis. Canadian Society of Internal Medicine Annual Meeting, Montréal, Québec, October 2016.

Chin-Yee BH, Tracy CS, Nickell LA, Upshur REG. “Bridge to Home”—Overcoming Barriers in Transitional Care: A Qualitative Program Evaluation. Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference, University of Toronto Institute for Healthcare Improvement, Toronto, Ontario, May 2015.

Xia Y, Chu JE, Chin-Yee B, Goodale D, Croker AK, Allan AL. Soluble lung-derived factors mediate breast cancer cell migration and growth via CD44 receptor-ligand interactions. American Association for Cancer Research Special Conference on Tumor Invasion and Metastasis, San Diego, California, January 2013.

Revil T, Chin-Yee BH, Jerome-Majewska LA. The expression and role of the splicing factors ESRP1 and ESRP2 and their targets during mouse morphogenesis. Great Lakes Mammalian Development Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, April 2012.

Minuk LA, Chin-Yee BH, Louzada ML, Laudenbach L, Chin-Yee IH. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in individuals with hemophilia. American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, December 2011.

Monkman K, Mahony J, Lazo-Langner A, Chin-Yee BH, Minuk LA. The pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccine results in low rates of seroconversion for patients with hematological malignancies. American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, December 2010.

Project Title: The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Clinical Judgment

Project Page:

Primary Investigator: Dr. Benjamin Chin-Yee

Other Project Members: Dr. Ross Upshur

Brief Description: This project explores the impact of AI technologies on physicians’ clinical judgment, with specific attention to how AI may impact clinical care and the patient-physician relationship, in addition to its implications for medical education and the training of physicians in clinical environments. The aim is to clarify challenges, risks, and opportunities for use of emerging AI technologies in clinical care. The project is funded by an AMS Healthcare Research Grant.

Project Title: Dynamic Epigenomic and Proteomic Profiling in Patients with Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Primary Investigators: Dr. Benjamin Chin-Yee; Dr. Anargyros Xenocostas

Other Project Members: Dr. Alejandro Lazo-Langner; Dr. Shun-Cheng Li; Dr. Bekim Sadikovic; Dr. Alejandro Garcia-Horton; Dr. Eri Iida

Brief Description: The goal of this project is to establish epigenomic, genomic and proteomic profiles in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes. The aim is to identify molecular drivers of disease progression, which may serve as prognostic markers and potential therapeutic targets. The project is funded by an LRCP Catalyst Grant.

2020-ongoing – Social Theory Graduate Seminar, The Wilson Centre for Research in Education, University of Toronto (Guest lecturer in seminar on hermeneutics at the Wilson Centre, University of Toronto, for graduate students in health professions education research doctoral concentration)

2019-ongoing – MD Program Professional Competencies, Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine, McMaster University (Guest Lecturer in MD Program Professional Competencies curriculum at McMaster University; lecturing on epistemology applied to medical knowledge & practice)

2019-2020 – MD Program Ethics & Professionalism, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto (Facilitator for ethics & professionalism seminars for MD Program, leading small group sessions on a range of topics in applied bioethics)

2018-2020 – Resident Academic Half Day, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto (Facilitator for PGY-1 academic half day scholarly activity workshops focused on how to conduct research in the humanities & social sciences during residency)

2018 – Reflections in Medicine Rounds, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto (Facilitator of medicine rounds which explored the impact of technology of the patient-physician relationship through a reading & reflection exercise)

2017 – Clinical Judgment: Multi-Disciplinary Perspectives, Toronto (Co-organizer and Workshop Leader of a symposium which brought together international scholars from fields of medicine, philosophy, psychology, clinical epidemiology, social sciences & humanities to discuss clinical reasoning & related topics)

2015-2017 –Toronto’s Healthcare History Mentorship Project (Co-organizer and Workshop Leader for experiential learning program for high school students on the history of healthcare; mentored students & supervised student research projects on Public Health History (2015), Indigenous Health History (2015-2016), and Medicine’s Material Culture (2016-2017))

2013-2017 – Seminar in the History and Philosophy of Healthcare, University of Toronto, Toronto (Co-organizer of student interest group to discuss topics in history & philosophy with relevance to medicine)