This page includes references and resources for the exhibit Einstein: Philosopher/Scientist, which ran from November 18- December 12, 2015.
All manuscript replicas appear courtesy of the Albert Einstein Archives, the Hebrew University
of Jerusalem, Israel.
All quotations from Einstein that are not otherwise attributed are from:
Calaprice, Alice, ed. The Quotable Einstein (1996).
All photographs not credited are from the public domain, and sourced from WikiMedia. Numerous articles in the public domain on Einstein and General Relativity were also consulted in preparation of this exhibit.
References for Specific Posters
Quotations are from Einstein’s own Autobiographical Notes, published in 1946,
and reprinted in Robinson, Andrew. Einstein: a hundred years of relativity, 2005.
Hand-tinted photograph of Ulm, Wurttemberg, Germany: Wikimedia
Albert Einstein, studio portrait (ca. 1893).: https://www.flickr.com/photos/
A Positively Fanatical Orgy of Freethinking
Quotation from Einstein’s own Autobiographical Notes, published in 1949,
translated by Paul Arthus Schilpp and reprinted in Robinson, Andrew. Einstein: a
hundred years of relativity, 2005.
Hermanns, William. Einstein and the Poet. In Search of the Cosmic Man, 1983.
Quotation “neither the natural ability not the experience to deal with human beings.” Is from:
TIME Online (1952-12-01), “Einstein Declines”, TIME
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem photo:
The American Friends of the Hebrew University
Einstein’s Miracle Year
Michaelson interferometer illustration adapted from Wiki illustration.
Special relativity diagram – adapted from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special_relativity
Einstein and Creativity
Caspar David Friedrich: Woman before the Rising Sun – http://ipaintingsforsale.com/painting/woman_before_the_rising_sun-12332.html
Atomic cloud: http://www.happening.co.ke/1042207669.html
Resistance to Einstein’s Ideas
Albert Einstein during a lecture in Vienna in 1921: Photo by Ferdinand Schmutzer.
Nobel Prize medallion: WikiMedia
Einstein 1921: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Einstein_1921_by_F_Schmutzer.jpg
Photo of entangled photons: Paul Kwiat, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Michael Reck, University of Vienna
Einstein and the Bomb
“Scientist Tells of Einstein’s A-bomb Regrets” (PDF). The Philadelphia Bulletin. May 13, 1955.
“Einstein, the Man Who Started It All”. Newsweek. 10 March 1947.
Einstein’s 1939 letter to President Roosevelt: letters courtesy of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library & Museum.
Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard recreate working on the famous letter” WikiMedia.
Nagasaki after “Fat Man” bombing. : http://large.stanford.edu/courses/2013/ph241/
Einstein and Politics
Einstein, Albert. ‘The Negro Question,’ in Pageant magazine, 1946
Einstein, Albert. The World As I See It, 1934.
Einstein, Albert. Why Socialism? 1949.
Oskin, Becky. 6 Ways Albert Einstein Fought for Civil Rights, 2015. http://www.livescience.com/50051-albert-einstein-civil-rights.html
Paul Robeson: http://flashbak.com/100-years-of-protesting-at-trafalgar-squarepart-2-19449/
Workers in field of cotton, September 15, 1927: Courtesy of the Special Collections Research, Center at NCSU Libraries
NAACP logo: WikiMedia.
Search for a Unified Field Theory
Abraham Pais, Subtle is the Lord: The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein, 1982.
Manuscript diary of Albert Einstein, c.1922–23.Gift of The Heineman Foundation to The Dannie & Hettie Heineman Collection, 1981. photography by Graham Haber, 2010.
Rodin, The Thinker: WikiMedia.
Einstein in Popular Culture
Bolado, Carolina. University Loses Bid for Einstein Publicity Rights in GM Suit, 2012.
Quotation: “Sticking out my tongue reflects my political views.” Is from Neffe, Jürgen. Einstein: A Biography, 2009.
John Malkovich posing as Albert Einstein Sticking Out His Tongue (1951) Malkovich photo by Sandro Miller, courtesy of Catherine Edelman Gallery Chicago
Albert Einstein Toilet Paper Tube Kids Craft: http://www.survivingateacherssalary.com/albert-einstein-toilet-paper-tube-kids-craft/
Sergeant Pepper album cover: http://martinmrochaart.com/2011/06/10/the-beatles-fan-art-the-great-art-and-death-clues-behind-sgt-pepper-and-abbey-road/
Lego Einstein: http://butlercain.com/2013/03/02/berlin-art/
Einstein and Music
“Mozart’s music is so pure and beautiful…” from Bucky, Peter A. The Private Albert Einstein, 1993.
Halevy, Shawna. Einstein the Artist, 2011. http://archive.larouchepac.com/node/20891
Hans Byland quotation from: Miller, Arthur I. Einstein, Picasso: Space, Time, and the Beauty
that Causes Havoc, 2002.
Einstein playing violin: https://www.crowdact.com/wall/show/148
Einstein at beach, 1939: http://rarehistoricalphotos.com/einstein-at-the-beach-1939/
Race to the Field Equations
Photo of David Hilbert: Société Mathématique de France
Cohen, Bernard. Einstein’s Last Interview, 1955, reprinted in Robinson, Andrew. Einstein:
a hundred years of relativity, 2005.
Janssen, Michel. ‘No Success like Failure…’: Einstein’s Quest for General Relativity, 1907-1920, in The Cambridge Companion to Einstein, 2014. http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/4377/
Stinner, Art and Don Metz. Using Thought Experiments to Teach Einstein’s Ideas. University of Manitoba Faculty of Education, Winnipeg, Canada, undated. http://sci-ed.org/documents/Stinner.pdf
Besso “the best sounding board in Europe” from: Calaprice, Alice. Albert Einstein: A
Biography, 2005. Levenson. Thomas.
Einstein’s fellow scientists abandon him, in Einstein in Berlin by Thomas Levenson, 2003. Excerpted
A Tale of Two Pacifists
Eddington, A. S. Mathematical Theory of Relativity, 1923. (Reprinted 2010.)
Portrait of Arthur Stanley Eddington (1882-1944), Astronomer – Photo courtesy of
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
A Determination of the Deflection of Light by the Sun’s Gravitational Field, from
Observations Made at the Total Eclipse of May 29, 1919: The Confirmation of General Relativity
by Eddington. Image courtesy of Sophia Rare Books on Biblio.com
Infographic From the Illustrated London News. Courtesy of eclipse-maps.com
Eclipse/bending of light graphic adapted from: http://www.astronomy.ohio-state.edu/~pogge/Ast162/Unit5/gr.html
General Relativity after Einstein
Gravity Probe B undergoing thermal vacuum environment testing. Photo Credit: NASA/Lockheed Martin Corporation/Russ Underwood
The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) image courtesy of California Institute of Technology
Artist’s concept of Gravity Probe B: NASA
GR and GPS
Infographic concept is based on an image in: GPS & Relativity, a video produced by
the Perimeter Institute. https://youtu.be/zQdIjwoi-u4
Some content on this poster is paraphrased from: Pogge, Richard W. Real-World Relativity:
The GPS Navigation System. http://www.astronomy.ohio-state.edu/~pogge/Ast162/Unit5/gps.html
Satellite image: NASA
Research on Einstein at Western
Photo of Chris Smeenk by Adela Talbot.
Photo of Bill Harper by Shawn Simpson.
Resources, References and Acknowledgements
Statue of Einstein at the Griffith Observatory, L.A. : http://www.themarkeworld.com/los-angeles/lending-human-perspective/
Some details in the timeline used in this show appeared on the following online timelines:
Timeline of Albert Einstein’s Life: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/einstein/timeline/
Albert Einstein Timeline: http://www.shmoop.com/albert-einstein/timeline.html
Albert Einstein Timeline: http://www.datesandevents.org/people-timelines/26-albert-einstein-timeline.htm
Image Credits for Timeline
Pauline and Hermann Einstein (undated): WikiMedia
Maja and Albert Einstein, circa 1886: WikiMedia
Period postcard of the Luitpold-Gymnasium in Munich: WikiMedia
Zurich, circa 1891: WikiMedia
The Federal Polytechnic in Zurich, circa 1900: WikiMedia
Einstein’s Swiss passport: http://www.newlyswissed.com/in-the-footsteps-of-einstein-joyce-and-lenin/
Clock tower in Bern, Switzerland, circa 1900: WikiMedia
Mileva Maric, circa 1896: WikiMedia
Einstein’s 1905 paper “Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies” and the cover of the Annalen der Physik issue in which it was originally published: WikiMedia
Miracle Year cover from Lone Star College Libraries http://www.lonestar.edu/library/14915.htm
Bern, Switzerland – http://www.kraehenmann.immobilien/en/buying-letting-apartment-home/where-to-live/
Zurich, Switzerland, circa 1900 – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z%C3%BCrich
Einstein’s Cross: WikiMedia
Mileva Malic with Einstein’s sons Hans Albert and Eduard, circa 1914: WikiMedia
Elsa Einstein, 1929: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elsa_Einstein
Príncipe, São Tomé and Príncipe: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sao_Tome_and_Principe_in_Africa.svg
Japanese authographed postcard: http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/11/14/national/1922-einstein-autographed-postcard-turns-shiga-museum/#.VjUnL2SrTu4
Photo of Niels Bohr: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1922/bohr-photo.html
Elsa and Albert Einstein, 1933: https://www.reddit.com/r/HistoryPorn/comments/3d14cs/albert_einstein_and_his_wife_elsa_pose_for/President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1933:
Andy Warhol’s 10 Portraits of Jews of the 20th Century: http://www.skibbereeneagle.ie/
Apple’s Think Different! campaign image: https://thisisnotadvertising.wordpress.com/2011/09/05/apple-think-different/
Einstein’s brain: photo from U.S. Associated Press (AP)
Howard, Don. Albert Einstein: Physicist, Philosopher, Humanitarian. (Audio lectures from The Teaching Company.)
Einstein and Eddington – BBC2 film detailing Eddington’s experiment to prove General Relativity. Stars David Tenant as Eddington, and Andy Serkis as Einstein.
Schumacher, Benjamin. Black Holes, Rides, and Curved Spacetime: Understanding Gravity. (Audio Lectures from the Teaching Company.)
Wolfson, Richard. Einstein’s Relativity and the Quantum Revolution (Audio lectures from The