LOUIS C. CHARLAND
School of Health Studies and Department of Philosophy, Western University
Louis Charland came to Western in the Summer of 1998. His previous job was at the Faculty of Medicine of McGill University in Montreal, where he was a member of the Biomedical Ethics Unit and the Clinical Trials Research Group. While at McGill, he taught in the Master’s Specialization Program in Bioethics and served on the Research Ethics Board of the Douglas Psychiatric Hospital.
Prior to his appointment to McGill, he taught philosophy and bioethics at the University of Toronto. During that time, he served as a Research Associate at the University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics. in 1993-1994, he worked as bioethicist at the Toronto Hospital for Sick Children.
In addition to academic and hospital experience, he has also worked as a research and program evaluation consultant for the Government of Ontario’s Premier’s Council on Health Strategy. The Council was a “think-tank” created to plan for the future of healthcare in Ontario. It was first created and chaired by Premier David Peterson and subsequently chaired by Premier Bob Rae. During his stay with the Premier’s Council he authored several reports on the Council’s Health Innovation Fund and traveled extensively as an evaluator and research consultant for the Fund. His experience as a consultant also includes work with the Ministry of Community and Social Services, and the Mental Health Branch of the Ministry of Health. ”
Nature and theoretical integrity of affectivity as a scientific domain (in ethology, biology, neurophysiology, psychology).
Psychopathology (especially affectivity, anorexia, personality disorder).
History and contemporary implications of 19th century moral treatment in psychiatry (Pinel, Chiarugi, Reil, Tuke).
Medicalisation and the impact of psychiatric labels on self-identity.
Treatise on Mental Alienation, by Philippe Pinel. Translated by Gordon Hickish, David Healy, & Louis C. Charland. With a Forward by Dora B. Weiner and a Preface by David Healy, Louis C. Charland, & Gordon Hickish. New York: Wiley-Blackwell, 2008.
Charland, Louis C. & Peter Zachar (Eds.) Fact and Value in Emotion. Amsterdam: John Benjamin Press. 2008.
Charland, Louis C. (2013). John Locke on Madness: Redressing the Intellectualist Bias. History of Psychiatry, 25(2), 137-153.
Charland, Louis C. and Tony Hope, Anne Stewart, Jacinta Tan. (2013). Anorexia Nervosa as a Passion. Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology 20, no. 4: 353-365.
Charland, Louis C. (2013). Conceptual and Ethical Issues in Eating Disorders. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 26(6), 562-565.
“Moral Undertow and the Passions: Two Challenges for Contemporary Emotion” Regulation Emotion Review January 2011 3: 83-91.
“Science and Morals in the Affective Psychopathology of Philippe Pinel”. History of Psychiatry.2010, 21(1), 38-51.
“By What Authority? Conflicts of Interest in Professional Ethics”. Journal of Ethics and Mental Health. JEMH • November 2008, 3(2), 1-3. (Available online at www.jemh.ca)
“Alexander Crichton on the Psychopathology of the Passions”. History of Psychiatry 19(3), 2008, 275-296.
“Cognitive Modularity of Emotion”. Invited peer-reviewed article for Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 36 (5) Supp. 2007, 213-228.
“Benevolent Theory: Moral Treatment at the York Retreat.” History of Psychiatry, 18(1), 2007, 61-80.
“La psychopathologie et le statut d’espèce naturelle de l’émotion”. Philosophiques. 33(1), Printemps 2006, 217-230
“Moral Nature of the Cluster B Personality Disorders.” Journal of Personality Disorders. 20(2), 2006, 119-128.
“The Heat of Emotion: Valence and the Demarcation Problem”. Invited peer-reviewed article for Journal of Consciousness Studies. 2006, 12, 8-10, 2005, 85-101.
“A Madness for Identity: Psychiatric Labels, Consumer Autonomy, and the Perils of the Internet”. With Commentaries by Harold Merskey D.M., and John Sadler, M.D. Philosophy, Psychiatry, Psychology, 2004,11(4): 335-349.
“The Natural Kind Status of Emotion”. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science. 2002, 53: 511-537.
“Cynthia’s Dilemma: Consenting to Heroin Prescription”. American Journal of Bioethics 2002 2(2): 37-57. Published with 11 peer-reviewed commentaries & a response by the author.
“Mental Competence and Value: The Problem of Normativity in the Assessment of Decision-Making Capacity”. Psychiatry, Psychology & Law. 2001 8(2), 135-145.
“In Defence of “Emotion.” Critical Notice of What Emotions Really Are”, by Paul E. Griffiths. Canadian Journal of Philosophy. 2001 31(1), 133-154.
“Appreciation and Emotion: Theoretical Reflections on the MacArthur Treatment Competence Study”. The Kennedy Institute Journal of Ethics, 1998, 8(4) 359-376. [Published with a response by Paul Appelbaum, co-author of the MacArthur Study (“Ought We To Require Emotional Capacity as Part of Decisional Competence?” pp.377-389)]
Chapters in Books:
Charland, Louis C. (2014) Why Psychiatry Should Fear Medicalization. In Bill Fulford, Martin Davies, Richard Gipps, George Graham, John Sadler, Giovanni Stranghelinni, Tim Thorton (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook for Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 159-176.
“Decision-Making Capacity and Responsibility in Addiction”. Invited chapter for Addiction and Responsibility. Jeffrey Poland & George Graham (Eds.). Cambridge, Mass:. MIT Press, 2011, pp. 139-158.
“Reinstating the Passions: Lessons from the History of Psychopathology.” Invited chapter for The Oxford Handbook for the Philosophy of Emotion. Peter Goldie, editor. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010, 237-263.
“Technological Reason and the Regulation of Emotion”. In Philosophical Perspectives on Technology and Psychiatry, James Phillips (Ed.) Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2008, 61-69.
“A Moral Line In The Sand: Alexander Crichton and Philippe Pinel on the Psychopathology of the Passions”. In Fact and Value in Emotion. Louis C. Charland & Peter Zachar (Eds.). Amsterdam: John Benjamin Press. 2008, 15-35.
“Emotion Experience and the Indeterminacy of Valence”. Invited chapter for Emotion and Consciousness, (Eds.) Lisa Feldman Barrett, Paula Niedenthal, Piotr Winkielman. New York: Guilford Press, 2005, 231-254.
“Moral Treatment and The Personality Disorders”. Invited chapter for The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Jenifer Radden (Ed.) Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2004, 64-77.
REFERENCE ARTICLES AND COMMENTARIES
Charland, Louis C. Jean-Etienne Esquirol (1772-1840). In Robyn Cautin & Scott Lilienfeld (Eds.). The Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology (New York: Blackwell: Wiley). (2561 Words) (In press.)
Charland, Louis C. Philippe Pinel (1745-1826). In Robyn Cautin & Scott Lilienfeld (Eds.). The Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology (New York: Blackwell: Wiley). (2975 Words) (In press.)
Charland, Louis C. Moral Treatment. In Robyn Cautin & Scott Lilienfeld (Eds.). The Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology (New York: Blackwell: Wiley). (2753 Words) (In press.)
Charland, Louis C. and Tony Hope, Anne Stewart, Jacinta Tan. (2013). The Hypothesis That Anorexia Nervosa Is a Passion: Clarifications and Elaborations. Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology 20, no. 4 (2013): 375-379.
Charland, Louis C. (2012) The Varieties of Compulsion in Addiction. Commentary on Hanna Pickard, The Purpose of Chronic Addiction, American Journal of Bioethics, (2), 50-51.
“Emotion: Philosophical Issues”. Oxford Companion to Consciousness. (Eds.) Timothy Bayne, Axel Cleermans, & Patrick Wilken. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2009, 259-262. (App. 3500 words)
“Affect (Philosophical Perspective)”. In Sander, D., and Scherer, K. R. (Eds.). The Oxford Companion to Emotion and Affective Sciences. Oxford and New-York: Oxford University Press, 2009, 9-10.
“Qualia”. In Sander, D., and Scherer, K. R. (Eds.). The Oxford Companion to Emotion and Affective Sciences. Oxford and New-York: Oxford University Press, 2009, 327.
“Ethical Issues (in affective science research)”. In Sander, D., and Scherer, K. R. (Eds.). The Oxford Companion to Emotion and Affective Sciences. Oxford and New-York: Oxford University Press; 2009, 157-158.
“Decision Making Capacity”. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. January 15, 2008. Available on-line at http://plato.stanford.edu/ (App.7147 words).
“Emotion”. With Robert M. Gordon. Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. 2nd Edition. Editor Donald Borchert. MacMillan, Vol. 2, 2005, 197-203. (App. 4000 words)